1. This section will describe the spinal disorders and their treatment in skeletally mature (age >18) patients.

    Please vizit the children section for disorders observed in infancy, childhood and adolescence.  


  1. Adult Scoliosis

    1. What is Adult Scoliosis?

    2. What are the signs of adult acoliosis?

    3. Idiopathic vs. degenerative scoliosis

    4. Can lumbar slippage be seen with adult scoliosis?

    5. How is adult scoliosis diagnosed?

    6. Treatment of Adult Scoliosis

    7. When is Surgical Treatment Necessary?

    8. What is the Surgical Treatment?

    9. Postoperative period

  2. Adult Spinal Disorders

    1. Lumbar Disc Herniation

    2. Non-surgical Treatment in Lumbar Disc Herniation

    3. Surgical Treatment in Lumbar Disc Herniation

    4. What is Loss of Lumbar Lordosis?

    5. Cervical Disc Herniation

    6. Non-surgical Treatment in Cervical Disc Herniation

    7. Surgical Treatment in Cervical Disc Herniation

    8. What is Loss of Cervical Lordosis?

    9. Lumbar Spinal Stenosis (Narrow Canal)

    10. Treatment of Lombar Spinal Stenosis

    11. After Lumbar Spinal Stenosis Surgery

    12. Cervical Spinal Stenosis

    13. Treatment of Cervical Spinal Stenosis

    14. Spinal Infections

    15. Tumors of the Spine

    16. Spondylolisthesis (Forward Slippage)

  3. Adult Vertebral Fractures

    1. Traumatic Vertebral Fractures in Adults

    2. Osteoporotic Vertebral Fractures

    3. Pathologic Vertebral Fractures

  4. Adult Spinal Surgeries

    1. Posterior Spinal Fusion

    2. Vertebroplasty – Kyphoplasty – Stentoplasty

    3. Anterior Fusion for Adults

    4. Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery

    5. Spinal Injections

    6. Neuromonitorization during Surgery